external image hindu_temple.jpgThere were two religions in East Java, Javanese hinduism and Javanese Buddhism however the Majapahit kingdom was a Javanese Hindu kingdom. Hinduism was brought to East Java by trade from South India in the 4th century. However the Majapahit kingdom was
in power from the 14th century so it was Hindu from the time it began when Wijaya had founded it. Even though Majapahit was a Javanese Hinduism kingdom, they were more characteristically Javanese. Islam came to Java during the 15th to 16th centuries from Gujarat in Northwest India. Majapahit was a Hindu Kingdom until the late 15th century and when their last leader Bhre Tumapel ruled they converted to Islam. It was first recognized in Gresik and Demak. Trade was the main involvement in the coming of Islam to Majapahit.

There were two types of Javanese Islam. Agami Jawi and Islam Santri otherwise known as Puritanical Islam, which came later. Majapahit people practiced Agami Jawi Islam after they converted. Holy men called Muslim Wali spread Islam to places in Java like Majapahit. When Puritanical Islam came with pilgrims from Mecca, the mercantile cities weakened Majapahit, which lead to its fall. In Agami Jawi religion there are several concepts, views, values which are mostly Muslim. For example they believe in one god Allah, and prophet Muhammad. In their religion their actions and decisions are done in the name of god. There are also pre Hindu elements in this religion. For example ancestral spirits spirits, holy places like old wells, banyan trees and caves. Also there are ghosts, giants, fairies and dwarfs. Islam influences the concepts of death and afterlife.[[http://http://pages.slc.edu/~eraymond/ccorner/representation2.html|]]
WORK CITED
"Hinduism in Southeast Asia." AllExperts. 5 Oct. 2006
http://experts.about.com/e/h/hi/Hinduism_in_Southeast_Asia.htm.

"Javanese Religion." OWR. 5 Oct. 2006
<http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/indon/java.html>.

Reuter, Thomas. "Great Expectations: Hindu Revival Movements in Java,
Indonesia." Swaveda. 13 May 2005. 6 Oct. 2006
<http://www.hvk.orgarticles/1205/36.html>.

IMAGE
Marx, Kristine. "FORMS OF REPRESENTATION IN HINDU-JAVANESE TEMPLE SCULPTURE."
pages.slc. Aug. 1998. William Graf Travel Grant, Hunter College . 8
Oct. 2006 <http://pages.slc.edu/~eraymond/ccorner/representation2.html>.