In 1359 AD on King Hayam Wuruk's return from an extended tour of the eastern provinces, he stopped off at a temple called Candi Jawi in Pandaan. He placed offerings at the shrine of his great - grandfather, Kertanegara, in whose memory the temple had been built. It is a Buddhism temple (see picture below).
external image Majapahit_temple_Candi_Jawi.jpg

In the time of King Rayasanagara, also known as Havarn Wuruk the art became strongly Javanized. It lost its harshness and became less control. Their art became more earthly and realistic and really decorative. Also they drew more leaves, flowers and animals and scenes from the daily life. So, it lost altogether its religious character.


Gongs appeared in the carvings of the thirteenth and the fourteenth century among the temples of the Majapahit Hindu Empire. Depictions show small gongs, often mounted in pairs on a stick or hanging singly from a cord in the hand and played with a padded mallet. The Majapahit Empire also used bar instruments including four - mallet gambang style xylophones of a type still used in Bali for cremation rites.
Majapahit is where all the primary elements of modern gamelan (native Indonesian instrumental ensemble using string wind and percussion) came together. The influence of Majapahit was strong throughout Indonesia and Southern Philippines and reached deep in the mainland of South-east Asia.


The Majapahit Empire saw the rise of a new language, Middle Javanese. It is a form between Old Javanese and New Javanese. In fact, Middle Javanese is so similar to New Javanese that works written in Middle Javanese should be easily to understand by Modern Javanese speakers.

The art, language, script and calendars are influenced by India.

Hock, Robert. "The First Gongs." Indonesia Photo. 22 June 2005. 8 Oct. 2006

"The Period of Majapahit." Geocities. 8 Oct. 2006

"Brief History of Javanese Language." 8 Oct. 2006

"Shiwa-Buddha." East Java Tourism. 8 Oct. 2006