Social System

During the Sukhothai period the ruler, or king had soveirgnty over the nation and people. The kings were highly respected and criticism was not accepted. However, the kings were generous and took their time listening to the problems of their people. This kingship however changed when the Ayutthaya period came, where the Siam used a heirarchy social system instead because of the expansion in territory. There were roughly 3cul2.jpg classes, excluding the king who was at the top of the structure. The bottom of the scale consisted of commoners (freeman) and slaves. Above them were the officials, or nobles. Lastly, the princes were ranked right before the kings. Aside from this there also existed a classless section in the Siam society, which was the Buddhist monkhood.


Proper manners is a necessity in Siam culture. For greetings a wai is done, where the fingers are joined together with the palms touching. Followed by a small bending of the head while toching your nose with the tip of your fingers. The Siam also found the feet to be lowly and vulgar, and one shouldn't point their feet at anyone or anything. Patting, or touching the head is also a sign of disrespect. Above all, apart from the kings, the buddhist monks were the most respected in the society.

Art / Crafts

The greatest body of knowledge on the Siam's art is ceramics, which supposedly excelled during the Lanna period. Their pieces were glazed beautifully and reached high artistic exellence. This ceramic tradition died after the fall of Lanna, but was revived. Other than this there have been Buddha images in bronze and stone that were found during the 14th century. In all though there is not much known about the art of Siam.

History of THAILAND. 10 Oct. 2006 <

ChiangMai Citylife. 10 Oct. 2006 <

ChiangMai Citylife. 10 Oct. 2006 <