Monuments and Architecture
Unlike any other kingdoms in Southeast Asia, there are no major Srivijayan monuments left today. The reason to this was probably because the kingdom was focusing more on its economy rather than the monuments and architectures. However, there are still many religous buildings of Mahayan Buddhsm left in the east coastline from Surat Thani. One great example include Phra BoromMathat which constructed with brick and mortar between the 9th and 10th century. In 775, it is also reported the dedication of a Buddhist monastery. Also in 1003 A.D., King Chulamanivarmadeva erected a Chinese temple as an offering to the Chinese emperor. According to the architectures of the buildings, it could be clearly distinguished that it was heavily influenced by the Indians.

Language and Writing System
One of the writings and languages the Srivijayans used was Old Malay. This was proven by the insciptions found in Palembang as they were written in this language. During the trades between countries, Malay eventually emerged as the main trading language. Also, another writing system they might have used was sanskrit. Sanskrit was a early sacred text comonly used in Southeast Asia. Sanskrit was proven to be used in Srivijaya because of the Chinese Budhhist pilgrim, I-ching, who stopped at Palembang for assistance on translating Sanskrits.

external image Srivijaya_-_Sanscript.jpg

Picture of Sanskrit

Nang Yaiexternal image Srivijaya_-_Nang_Yai.jpg
Nang Yai, a traditional art form in Thailand, originated from Indonesia in the kingdom of Srivijaya. Nang Yai is a shadow puppet show and it is still performed in the world today. A puppet reaches as high as two meters and one meter wide. Bamboo strings are attached to the puppets enabling them perform all sorts of actions. Before the start of each show, there would be a "Wat Khru" ceremony to show respect to the teachers of the art form. It is then followed by a prologue. The significance of the prologue was to attract the audience with the music, the comic dialogue and at the same time, providing a moral lesson to the audiences. After the prologue, it is then followed by the main performance. Each performance can last as long as two hours. During the main performance, the rousing music at the back blends with the skilled movements of the puppets enhances the atmosphere of the show and makes the puppets come alive.

Bronze was also another type of art in the kingdom of Sriivjaya. They could still be fouund today at the national Museum of Bangkok. One of the major works include the bronze Buddha of Grabi Thailand.

external image SrivijayaGrabiBuddha.jpg

Records have shown that merchants and traders from India has been traveling frequently in and out of Palembang. Also, the Srivijayans were probably had the same ethinc groups of people as the Javanese as they shared the same religions and had similar arts and architectures.

Works Cited

Thailand - Nang Yai (Shadow Puppet Show). 9 Oct. 2006

UCLA Language Materials Project Language Profiles Page. 18 July 2006. 8 Oct.
2006 <>.

Srivijaya Style Art. 8 Oct. 2006

4. Southeast Asia, c.900-1557. 2001, the Encyclopedia of World History . 8 Oct.
2006 <>.

Rama Vocabulary. 8 Oct. 2006

aya bronze Buddha of Grabi Thailand. 9 Oct. 2006
Kashmir Sharada . 9 Oct. 2006
Nang Yai. 9 Oct. 2006